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                              MBA英語二閱讀理解九個答題技巧

                              2023-08-24 13:07 | 太奇MBA網

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                              MBA英語二考試中閱讀理解的分數占比較高。閱讀理解的考察大到篇章,小到標點符號,所以我們要掌握各個細節,只有知己知彼方能百戰不殆。
                               
                              1、逗號(comma)
                               
                              用于分割并列成分??佳兄攸c:兩個逗號之間,或者一個逗號之后,如果是補充說明成分時,跳過不看。
                               
                              Eg:Some huge American industries, such as consumer electronics, had shrunk or vanished in the face of foreign competition.
                               
                               
                              2、句號(period/fullstop)
                               
                              ①用于陳述句,表示一個句子的結束,起分割切分句子作用。
                              ②用于某些縮略詞之后,比如Mr.、Ms.、etc.等等。如果句號作為簡寫符號使用,那么這個詞語簡寫前后面的符號應該照常寫上,因為簡寫號并非句號,也不遵循句號的語法。比如Entreprise Co,Ltd或者I invited Tom,Jerry,etc..(注意兩個點)。
                              ③用作小數點。
                               
                              3、問號(question mark)
                               
                              考研英語閱讀文章中的問號一般都是設問的功能,只問不答,答案不言自明。
                               
                              Eg:考研難道沒有價值嗎?另外,如果開篇就是問句,那么則屬于問題答案型文章,對問題的回答就是全文主旨。
                               
                               
                              4、冒號(colon)
                               
                              冒號前后是從抽象到具體的過程,后面進一步補充說明前面的內容。
                               
                              Eg:1997 passage3 Q2
                              60.The word "pervasive" (Line 1, Paragraph 2) might mean________.
                              [A]widespread
                              [B]overwhelming
                              [C]piercing
                              [D]fashionable
                               
                              5、 分號(semi-colon)
                               
                              前后是并列關系,包括結構上并列和語義上的并列。
                               
                              Eg:For us, this means that evolution is over; the biological Utopia has arrived. (2000 Passage2)
                               
                               
                              6、引號(quotationmarks)
                               
                              ①引用 ;
                              ②強調 ;
                              ③諷刺。
                              Eg:“Scientific” creationism, which is being pushed by some for “equal time” in the classrooms whenever the scientific accounts of evolution are given, is based on religion, not science.
                               
                               
                              7、括號(parentheses)
                               
                              ①解釋說明生詞。
                              ②補充說明。
                               
                              Eg:Drugs (substances) that affect the central nervous system and alter perception, mood, and behavior are known as psychoactive substances. (1997,Text 3)
                               
                               
                              8、破折號(dash)
                               
                              ①一個破折號后面起補充說明或評價判斷。
                               
                              Eg:I am an idiot - the stupidest kind of all.“This book stands for reason itself.” And so it does — and all would be well were reason the only judge in the creationism/evolution debate.
                               
                              ②兩破折號之間其補充說明,可先跳過不看。
                               
                              Eg:In Australia—where an aging population, life-extending technology and changing community attitudes have all played their part—other states are going to consider making a similar law to deal with euthanasia.
                               
                               
                              9、省略號(ellipsis)
                               
                              ①英文中的省略號的作用和漢語是一樣的。當省略號在句尾并且有下文時,應該打四個點,最后一個為句號。
                               
                              Eg:And it flew further,and further,and further....Jorge smiled and turned back.
                               
                              ②當省略號在句尾并作為語氣延長的作用時,應使用修辭前的標點Eg:Do you love me...?其余情況下使用三個點。
                               
                              Eg:The Martians...they just...just bombed our...our town,please send...more...
                               
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